Permits & Information Packets
WHAT IS AN APPROACH PERMIT?
An approach permit is a permit that allows a property owner to construct an approach from their property onto a County road.
WHO ASKS FOR AN APPROACH PERMIT?
A property owner who is developing his/her property or
WHAT IS THE PROCESS?
Before a property owner installs an approach, they
are required by RCW 36.75.130-150 to apply for an approach permit. The approach application is filled out and returned to the Public Works office. The property owner is also asked to flag the approach location at the point where it connects to the County Road so that no errors are made during inspection. After the approach permit application has been submitted, an inspector will be sent out to inspect the location. He/she will determine if the location has safe visibility, whether it needs a culvert or not for drainage,
needs to be paved back, etc. Once approved the approach permit will be sent to the applicant. At this point the property owner is free to construct the approach according to the conditions of the
WHO DECIDES IF AN APPROACH PERMIT IS TO BE ISSUED?
The inspector with guidance from the
County Engineer as necessary. The County
Engineer has statutory authority over this process.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO PROCESS
AN APPROACH PERMIT?
The process can take up to 3 weeks but normally takes 1 week.
Application to Construct Approach onto County Road
Work in the right-of-way of County roads requires a permit from Grant County Public Works
per RCW 36.75.020 and 050. Contact Grant County Public Works if you are not sure whether a street or road is under County or City jurisdiction.
Right of Way Permits:
A WORK IN THE RIGHT OF WAY PERMIT?
The right-of-way is more difficult to identify on unimproved
roads or streets, (i.e. no curb and/or sidewalk), please call Public Works to confirm the location of the right-of-way.
Permits for simple sidewalk and/or driveway approach work can be obtained through the Public Works Department by using an
Permits for placing utility lines, street construction or performing similar work must be obtained through Public Works.
Application to Perform Work on County Road Right-Of-Way
Manual on Uniform Traffic Control
The basic petitioning fee is
Road Vacation Information Packet
Revised Code of Washington (RCW) on Vacations:
Information on Petitions for Road Improvement District (RID)
What is an RID?
RID means Road Improvement District. In
1951, the State legislature established
the RID method of improving Public Works
and streets. It used as a model the LID
law, which has been used by the cities
for street, water and sewer improvement
for years. It has had many changes
since 1951, and is now Chapter 36.88 of
the Revised Code of Washington.
Briefly, the RID statutes provide for
the payment of an improvement by
assessing the lots, tracts, or parcels
Why would an RID be formed?
RIDs can be used by any county for the
improvement of a county road, bridge,
street lighting, or road drainage
How is an RID initiated?
RID may be initiated by Grant County in
a Resolution of The Board of County
Commissioners or by petition of the
property owners of the area specially
benefited by the public work proposed for improvement. In order for
the petition to be considered, the total
property represented by owner’s
signatures on the petition must have
both a majority of the acreage within
the proposed RID boundaries and a
majority of the front footage measured
along both sides of all the Public Works
proposed for improvement.
The Board of County Commissioners upon
receiving a petition with sufficient
owner signatures must hold a preliminary
hearing. Notice of which must be
published at least twice in a newspaper
of general circulation and notice of
which must be mailed to each property
owner at least 15 days prior to the
hearing. Signatures may be added to or
withdrawn from the petition by
contacting the County Public Works
to 5:00 p.m. of the last working day
before the hearing. After the hearing,
the Board of County Commissioners may
proceed to create the RID and order the
How are the boundaries of an RID
Each RID shall include as nearly as
possible all the property specially
benefited by the proposed improvement.
This includes ownership served by
easements from the improved Public Works
unless the ownerships have demonstrated
use of another easement as principal
access. However, ownerships abutting
the improved Public Works will be
considered as specially benefited even
if served by another easement.
How is the cost estimate prepared? Can
the County assess cost overruns?
The construction cost estimate is
prepared by the Engineering Division
after a field review. The design and/or
scope of the project may not be changed
such that the cost is increased more
that 10% over that stated in the notice
for the original formation hearing held
before the Board of County
Commissioners. The only exception to
allowing a greater than 10% change is to
have a second formation notice and
road right of way (public road property
is needed, the cost to buy or otherwise
acquire this property
will also be included in the total
estimated cost. After the formation of
the RID, the County will request
donation of any required road right of
way. If right of way is donated the
final cost of the assessments will be
reduced by the amount saved. If 100% of
the required right of way has not been
donated by a set deadline, all deeds
will be returned and the County will
negotiate settlements for all required
right of way.
it is not possible to reach an agreement
with a particular owner and it is
necessary to acquire the right of way to
proceed with the improvement the County
may institute condemnation proceedings
against the owner. The condemnation
costs are also borne by the district.
How is the total cost of the improvement
divided among the owners?
The Board shall use the method of
assessment deemed most practical and
equitable under the conditions
prevailing. Typically, these are:
The lot method; under which each lot or
ownership pays an equal share of the
The acreage method; under which each
ownership pays according to area
measured in acres.
The zone and termini methods; which is a
combination of assessment distribution
based on frontage
on the improvement and area
within the boundaries of the district.
How much will the assessment be for the
average size lot?
This question is not easily answered as
the Board sets the method of assessment
and the Engineering Division recommends
that lot method in cases where the
majority of ownerships are of equal, or
approximately equal size. The acreage
or zone and termini methods are
recommended when the ownership are all
of variable sizes.
The Engineering Division has the policy
of making the preliminary cost estimates
along with a proposed cost distribution
method early, so they can be circulated
with the petition.
How is assessment paid? Will it
increase my taxes?
The Board also determines the number of
years permitted for payment of the
assessment. The assessment may be paid
in full within 30 days without penalty
or it may be repaid over the determined
period at an interest rate set by the
The assessment is in a second lien
position after property taxes and is not
an increase in the property taxes
themselves. The improvement may cause
sales in the area to be higher than
before the improvement, but it is
difficult to ascertain what fraction of
this increase is attributable directly
to the improved road. Of course, as
assessed valuations are based on
representative sales, property taxes
could eventually increase.
When do I pay my assessment?
After the district has been created and
all necessary road right of way has been
obtained, the County may proceed with
the improvement. If considerable design
work is necessary, construction may be
delayed for a season to allow time for
the surveys and engineering. Only after
all the project costs are in can the
final assessment be determined. A
second hearing, with notification
similar to the preliminary hearing, at
which the Board will sit as a Board of
Equalization will determine the final
assessment and certify these to the
Treasurer for collection.
Before you make any payment, you should
wait until after the second hearing and
until you receive a notice from the
Treasurer of the actual amount of your
Does the County participate in the cost
of an RID?
Under the provisions of RCW 36.88, all
costs may be assessed to the property
owners within the RID boundaries.
However, the County may participate, if
the RID is to improve an existing public
county road, not private.
What is the procedure for improving a
Private Public Works may be improved
under the RID statutes provided that it
is done for the sole purpose of
incorporating the road in the County
the County for or against RIDs?
is possible that someone in the County
may tell you he is for or against a
particular RID. This should be taken as
a personal opinion and not as County
policy, for the County must be careful
to maintain a neutral position on all
RIDs until they are formed. This means
that the County cannot properly solicit
RIDs, nor can they inhibit their
formation. It is important to understand
that the County can be of assistance in
circulating the petition, but the
mailings and “leg work” involved in
formation must be largely done by the
Which Department handles RIDs?
The Public Works Department handles RID processing
as well as design and administration of
most of the improvement. This is done
at the direction of the Board of
County Commissioners, which has
the ultimate authority.
The County Engineer will assist you in
the preparation of the petition and the
necessary maps and exhibits for the
formation of the district and will relay
information to and from various
Departments related to the RID. If you
have any additional questions, please
contact Public Works at the
following address and phone number:
Grant County Public Works
124 Enterprise Street S.E.
Ephrata Office hours: Monday through Friday, 8:00 to 5:00
Phone: (509) 754-6082
Fax: (509) 754-6087
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